MRO CRISM Type Spectra Library

This dataset includes spectral data from type spectra of phases identified using the CRISM (Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars) instrument on MRO. Type locations for the diversity of currently identified mineral spectral signatures have been compiled into this library of spectra. These type spectra assembled into the Minerals Identified through CRISM Analysis (MICA) library represent the results of over 7+ years of CRISM measurements of the surface of Mars and represent the compilation of many researchers' efforts.

Confident identification of particular phases on Mars can be complex using CRISM spectra alone (e.g. chloride). See Viviano-Beck et al. 2014 for details on the geologic setting and diagnostic absorption features used to identify each CRISM type spectrum. The dataset presented here provides a dynamic catalog of the mineral diversity, and thus may include new or updated type spectra from those presented in the 2014 manuscript.

The MRO CRISM Type Spectra Library webpage is maintained by NASA's PDS Geosciences Node at Washington University in St. Louis. Contact us with comments and questions, or visit our community forum.

How to cite the MICA libary

Viviano-Beck, C. E., et al. (2014), Revised CRISM spectral parameters and summary products based on the currently detected mineral diversity on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 119, 14031431, doi:10.1002/2014JE004627.

Viviano-Beck, C. E. (et al.), MRO CRISM Type Spectra Library, NASA Planetary Data System, 2015. http://crismtypespectra.rsl.wustl.edu

Directly access data

Access Data Set Volume:  mrocr_8001

Download Data Set:     zip (3 MB)

Plots of Spectra        What is this?

Iron oxides and primary silicates

   Hematite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)*
   Mg-Olivine  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)*
   Fe-Olivine  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Plagioclase  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Low-Ca Pyroxene  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   High-Ca Pyroxene  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)

Ices

   H2O Ice  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)
   CO2 Ice  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (Publication)*

Sulfates

   Monohydrated sulfate  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Alunite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Hydroxylated Fe-sulfate  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (Publication)
   Jarosite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Polyhydrated sulfate  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Gypsum  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (RELAB)*
   Bassanite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)

Phyllosilicates

   Kaolinite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Al-Smectite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Margarite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)
   Illite/Muscovite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Fe-Smectite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Mg-Smectite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Talc  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)
   Serpentine  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Chlorite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)

Carbonates

   Mg-Carbonate  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Ca/Fe-Carbonate  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)

Other hydrated silicates and halides

   Prehnite  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (GEO)
   Hydrated Silica  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (RELAB)
   Epidote  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)
   Analcime  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)
   Chloride  Ratioed I/F   Numerator I/F  Denominator I/F     View Label     View Data     Similar Laboratory Spectra (USGS)


* Clicking Similar Laboratory Spectra displays the identification of the laboratory sample that is an analog for the CRISM type spectrum. Where possible, a link to the laboratory spectrum is provided, which can be one of four types:

  1. GEO a link to the spectrum in the Geosciences Node Spectral Library.
  2. USGS a link to a list of spectra at the USGS Spectral Library. The laboratory spectrum ID is found in the list.
  3. RELAB a link to the RELAB home page, where the user may download the RELAB catalog to search for the laboratory spectrum. (There are no links to individual spectra in RELAB.)
  4. Publication the citation of a publication in which the laboratory spectrum is described.







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